It’s taking part that counts
When it comes to taking responsibility, not everyone in Sports is willing to play the game. There are good reasons to dodge the ball, but also very bad ones.
The line between victory and defeat is a thin one. Very small decisions can make the difference between wins and losses. Especially in sports: One goal in the very last minute decides the football game. One false step after years of training leads to an injury before the final sprint. One competitor celebrates a victory; the other, only meters away, cries in disappointment.
This March, there was a similar situation. Formula One opened its season in Bahrain. There were thousands of visitors and dozens of media outlets on hand. The loud, happy, glamorous world of motorsport was on display, just like in the good old days. Yet just a few kilometres away, riots on the street were crushed by the police. Here, too, the line between happiness and desperation was a thin one.
This Sunday in March serves as a perfect symbol: Sport, at least at the professional level, is far more than just a game. It is dealing with the same risks governments, organisations and companies face every day. It is embedded in a complex world along with politics, threats and business relations. But as the conversation about sport this spring suggests, it has not found its appropriate role yet.
It might be attention that counts
It is just a game, some people say. And they have arguments on their side. The first is a solid one: Sport shall not be political. Joseph Blatter, President of the world football association FIFA, is still proud of introducing organised football to the Palestinian territories years ago. He is proud that he helped bring the first football world championship to Africa. “It is far more than entertainment, it is emotion!” he told an audience at the St. Gallen Symposium.
There is a second argument, which suggests that sport can even help improve difficult political situations. Huge events always bring a lot of attention to the host country, and may shine a spotlight on its problems. That was – partly – the case before the 2008 Olympics in Beijing. And there’s no question that without the Euro 2012 championship this summer, far fewer reports would have discussed the political situation in Ukraine.
By now, the championships have become a political event, without a doubt. The European Commission, not famous for being big football fans, announced that none of their members will visit the tournament. Joseph Blatter stuck with his opinion that the Euro has to take place exactly as planned, and that Europe’s politicians have to represent their countries. “You have to play,” he says. “And you have to go.”
It is money that counts
So is sport an independent social event? Former political disagreements, like the 64 states that boycotted the 1980 Olympic Games in Russia (and the 18 states which boycotted the Los Angeles Olympics four years later) seem to be mistakes from another era. But there is one severe problem with this logic, because it does not pay attention to the fact that the universe of sport has developed over the decades. The impact of sport, especially football, stopped being a local event many years ago. The not-so-new challenge is money.
About one week before the St. Gallen Symposium started, FIFA published its financial statement for 2011. Reading through the 98-page document felt like reading a publicly-traded company’s annual report. The organisation announced revenue of more than USD one billion, with a profit of USD 36 million. That’s money the sport needs, Blatter says: “We need this money to develop football and make it more global.”
Yet more money brings more problems. Let’s look again at football: Huge discussions accompanied the decision to give the next World Cups, in 2018 and 2022, to Russia and Qatar. People were accusing committee members of being corrupt. Transparency was low. It shall be improved, Blatter promised at the symposium. The next decision shall be made by more delegates, maybe even in public.
It is a first step in the right direction. If football, Formula One, and other sports adopt strategies like this, they will succeed in the business part as well. It is far more difficult to find the right strategy for dealing with political conflicts. What is asked is more courage of participants. Besides the large organisations, they are the ones who make sport come alive. The word of prominent players, athletes and drivers has a huge impact. Whenever they can address problems in public, they will increase pressure on sports organisations. Taking part is what counts, goes one saying about the Olympic Games. Figuring out how to do so is the challenge well-organised, well-financed sports face. If they fail, there may be far more losers on the other side of the thin line.
Manuel Heckel für das Magazin zum 42. St. Gallen Symposium